Quick Facts: Economic and Health Burden of Chronic Disease
Date Activated: 10/08/2007 (Last Updated 08/27/2012)
Contributed By: California Diabetes Program
Author: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Department of Health and Human Services
|Disease/Risk Factors||Morbidity (Illness)||Mortality (Death)||Direct Cost/Indirect Cost|
|Arthritis||Arthritis affects 1 in 5, or 46 million, US adults, making it one of the most common chronic conditions. Over 40%, or nearly 19 million, adults with arthritis are limited in their activities because of their arthritis. By 2030, nearly 67 million (25%) of US adults will have doctor-diagnosed arthritis. In addition, adults with arthritis-attributable activity limitation are projected to increase from 16.9 million (7.9%) to 25 million (9.3% of the US adult population) by 2030.||From 1979-1998, the annual number of arthritis and other related rheumatic conditions (AORC) deaths rose from 5,537 to 9,367. In 1998, the crude death rate from AORC was 3.48 per 100,000 population.
||The total costs attributable to arthritis and other rheumatic conditions (AORC) in the United States in 2003 was approximately $128 billion ($80.8 billion in medical care expenditures and $47 billion in earnings losses). This equaled 1.2% of the 2003 U.S. gross domestic product.|
|Cancer||About 1.3 million people in the U.S. are diagnosed with cancer each year.||Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States.
In 2003, an estimated 556,000 people died of cancer.
|NIH estimates that the overall costs for cancer in the year 2006 at 206 billion: of this amount, $78 billion for direct medical costs and more than $128 billion for indirect costs such as lost productivity.|
|Diabetes||More than 20.8 million Americans have diabetes, and about 6.2 million don’t know that they have the disease.||Diabetes is the sixth leading cause of death. Over 200,000 people die each year of diabetes-related complications.||The estimated economic cost of diabetes in 2002 was $132 billion. Of this amount, $92 billion was due to direct medical costs and $40 billion to indirect costs such as lost workdays, restricted activity, and disability due to diabetes.|
|Heart Disease and Stroke||More than 79 million Americans currently live with a cardiovascular disease.||More than 1.4 million Americans die of cardiovascular diseases each year, which amounts to one death every 36 seconds.||The cost of cardiovascular disease and stroke in the United States in 2007 is projected to be $431.8 billion including direct and indirect costs.|
|Overweight/Obesity||In 2003-2004 over 66 million adults, or 32% of the adult population, were obese.
Over 125 million or 17.1% of children and adolescents 2-19 years of age are overweight.
|The latest study from CDC scientists estimates that about 112,000 deaths are associated with obesity each year in the United States.||Direct health costs attributable to obesity have been estimated at $52 billion in 1995 and $75 billion in 2003.
Among children and adolescents, annual hospital costs related to overweight and obesity more than tripled over the past two decades.
|Tobacco||An estimated 45.1 million adults in the United States smoke cigarettes even though this single behavior will result in death or disability for half of all regular users.||Tobacco use is responsible for approximately 438,000 deaths each year.||The economic burden of tobacco use is enormous: more than $75 billion in medical expenditures and another $92 billion in indirect costs.|
Major funding provided by the Division of Diabetes Translation, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)